West Hollywood

Wood-Frame Soft-Story Structures

The city of West Hollywood does not currently have any mandate for the retrofit of wood-frame soft-story buildings or non-ductile concrete buildings. However, work is underway to identify existing vulnerable buildings and develop a seismic retrofit program intended to reduce the risk of earthquake-related damage and ensure life safety in the city’s commercial and multifamily buildings.

The proposed ordinance that was presented to the West Hollywood City Council on August 15, 2016 can be found here. Finalization and adoption of the ordinance has been postponed to allow for further outreach and education to building owners. The West Hollywood staff recommended that the ordinance become effective in July 2017. See the links on this page for information on the program’s progress and key dates.


The municipality has developed a two-phase program intended to take a proactive approach to earthquake hazard mitigation. Phase One of the seismic program involved a comprehensive survey of existing buildings to identify vulnerable structures.

Phase Two of the program involves the development of a retrofit ordinance that is intended to lessen the potential for catastrophic damage to the buildings identified in Phase One. Phase Two of the program is underway, and the City has developed a proposed ordinance to address four different building types as follows:

  1. Mandatory Seismic Strengthening Provisions for Existing Wood-Frame Buildings with Soft, Weak or Open Front Walls
  2. Voluntary Seismic Strengthening Provisions for Cripple Walls and Sill Plate Anchorage in Existing Wood-Frame Buildings
  3. Mandatory Seismic Strengthening Provisions for Non-Ductile Concrete Structures
  4. Mandatory Seismic Strengthening Provisions for Pre-Northridge Steel Moment Frame Buildings

West Hollywood’s mandatory wood-frame soft-story ordinance will apply to existing buildings that have the following characteristics:

  • Wood-frame construction
  • Permitted for construction prior to January 1, 1978
  • Ground floor containing parking or similar open floor or basement space causing soft, weak, or open lines where there exists at least one or more levels above

The results of the seismic retrofit survey (Phase One of the program) indicate that there are an estimated 780 buildings in the City of West Hollywood that meet the requirements above and fall within the scope of the soft-story ordinance.

Priority Designations

The West Hollywood wood-frame soft-story ordinance has been proposed to be carried out in phases. Upon adoption of the ordinance, the timeline for compliance for each unique structure begins following distribution of the Notice from the Building Official to Building Owners. Notices are expected to be issued according to the priority levels outlined below.



Priority I.

16 or more dwelling units
Priority II. 3 or more stories with less than 16 dwelling units
Priority III. Buildings not falling within Priority I or Priority II


The proposed ordinance for the City of West Hollywood requires that wood-frame soft-story building retrofits adhere to the timeline shown below upon adoption. The timeline for each building type is initiated following service of the Notice to the Owner. Notices will be delivered in phases according to the priority levels outlined above.

BEGIN PROCESS Service of the Notice to the Building Owner
1 YEAR AFTER NOTICE Deadline to submit screening report
2 YEARS AFTER NOTICE Deadline to submit retrofit plans
4 YEARS AFTER NOTICE Deadline to obtain permit and commence construction
5 YEARS AFTER NOTICE Deadline to complete construction


Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc.
Phone: 626.696.4650
E-mail: seismicordinances@wje.com

West Hollywood Seismic Building Survey Project Manager
8300 Santa Monica Boulevard, West Hollywood, CA 90069
Phone: 323.848.6892
E-mail: SeismicProgram@weho.org